Resources

This page provides resources and links for measuring and modeling science and innovation.

Indicators of science, technology and innovation

ERAWATCH provides information on European, national and regional research policies, actors, and programmes in the EU and beyond.

The European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS) was introduced as part of the Lisbon strategy. It measures, on a yearly basis, the innovation performance of Member States, drawing on statistics from a variety of sources (a.o. the Community Innovation Survey).

The industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard, an annual study of the European Commission, analyzes the performances of the 2000 industrial companies (1000 based within the European Union, 1000 outside) with the most important annual R&D investments.

The Corporate Invention Board’s website is a new tool which aims at characterizing the nature and the extent of technological globalisation.

The OECD provides a wide variety of databases of internationally comparable statistics in the areas of science, technology and industry. These statistics and indicators underpin policy-related analytical work, particularly with respect to links between technology, competitiveness and globalisation.  See also the resources of OECD work on patent statistics and the Patent Statistics Manual.

The UNESCO Science Report 2010 analyses the trends and developments that have shaped scientific research, innovation and higher education over the past five years, including the impact of the current global economic recession

Data

The Science Citation Index can be accessed via the so-called Web-of-Science. The database can also be found in the digital library of Utrecht University .  Note the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) for journal-journal citation analyses.

The Elsevier abstract and citation database Scopus can also be found in the digital library of Utrecht University .

The US Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) offers World-Wide Web (Web) access to bibliographic and full-text patent databases. The USPTO patent database can also be accessed at http://www.google.com/patents.

The EPO database offers free access to more than 70 million patent documents worldwide, containing information about inventions and technical developments from 1836 to today. Always use the advanced options for bibliometric searching.

The WIPO  database can be found at http://www.wipo.int .

Consider also the advantages and disadvantages of using http://www.freepatentsonline.com/search.html as an alternative.

CORDIS, the Community Research and Development Information Service for Science, Research and Development, is the official source of information on the framework programmes; it offers interactive web facilities that links together researchers, policymakers, managers and key players in the field of research.  This search allows you to search quickly and easily all CORDIS content at once.

Scientometric and Bibliometric Tools

Loet Leydesdorff provides a collection of tools for scientometric analyses in addition to online course on scientometric analysis.

TXTcollector grabs all .txt files from the directory of your choice and combines them into a new (larger) text file

The Rathenau Institute has developed SAINT, which stands for Science Assessment Integrated Network Toolkit. This is a set of tools for bibliometric and patentometric research. Direct access to the repository in which development takes place is also possible; Source code (unstable branch)

CorText Manager provides an online platform interfacing users with a range of analysis tools developed by CorText corpus. This application enables to upload data sets from disparate sources, and initiate treatments (scripts) to perform remote analyses/maps of primary data. A private space allows users to launch and test on their own chains of treatments before possibly making results public. This additional documentation provides detailed information about.

A word list can be generated by a concordance program like TextSTAT-2 (freeware and online). Within TextSTAT one first opens a corpus before one can open a file, but then one can under “Word forms” generate a frequency listing.

Network Analysis and Visualisation

Robert Hanneman and Mark Riddle ( 2005) provide an Introduction to social network methods.

Networks, Crowds, and Markets: Reasoning About a Highly Connected World By David Easley and Jon Kleinberg

Gephi is an interactive visualization and exploration platform for all kinds of networks and complex systems, dynamic and hierarchical graphs.

Pajek (Slovene word for Spider) is a program, for Windows, for analysis and visualization of large networks. It is freely available, for noncommercial use, at its download page.

VOSviewer can be used to create maps based on network data. Maps are created using the VOS mapping technique and the VOS clustering technique.

This tool helps you to convert Excel data into Pajek format.

Visone is a tool for  analysis and visualization of social networks. Visualization of dynamic networks can be achieved by a sequence of static drawings, possibly with many of those such that they can be shown as an animation e.g. in a movie. This edition visone-2.3.X adds the handling of dynamic networks to visone

Geocoding

Loet Leydesdorff and Olle Persson developed an online appendix to their paper “Mapping the Geography of Science: Distribution Patterns and Networks of Relations among Cities and Institutes,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 61(8) (2010) 1622-1634; <pdf-version>; <html-version> where they provide (free) programs for mapping the geography of science.

Also note the following options for geocoding at  http://www.gpsvisualizer.com/geocoder/ and http://www.developer.com/tech/article.php/3615681/Introducing-Googles-Geocoding-Service.